Osaka Prefecture is located in the Kansai region on Honshu, the main island of Japan. It covers the smallest prefecture land area in Japan, but boasts of largest population and the second only after the capital, Tokyo. Mountains surround three sides of the prefecture and the west is open to Osaka bay.
Osaka city is the capital city of Osaka prefecture, comprised of 24 wards with the population of 2.6 million. It is the third largest city by population after the Tokyo and Yokohama.
Historically a merchant city, Osaka has been the economic powerhouse of the Kansai region for many centuries and still serves as a major economic hub.
Osaka is roughly divided into downtown and uptown areas known as Kita "North" and Minami "South".
Kita contains a prominent portion of the city's skyscrapers and are often featured in photographs of Osaka's skyline. Minami is geographically central within the city and home to many large-scale banks and corporations.
The city’s west side is a prominent bay area which serves as its main port as well as a tourist destination with attractions such as Universal Studios Japan and the Tempozan Harbour Village.
East side of Osaka city contains numerous residential neighborhoods including Osaka Castle Park and Osaka Business Park.