Kyoto Prefecture is located in the Kansai Region of the island of Honshu.
Kyoto City with a population close to 1.5 million, formerly the imperial capital of Japan, now is the capital city of Kyoto Prefecture, as well as a major part of the Kyoto-Osaka-Kobe Metropolitan Area.
Nestled among the mountains of Western Honshu, Kyoto was the residence of the Emperor from 794 until the Meiji Restoration of 1868, when the capital was moved to Tokyo.
During its millennium at the center of Japanese power, culture, tradition, and religion, it accumulated an unparalleled collection of palaces, Temples and Shrines, built for Emperors, Shoguns, and Monks. About 20% of Japan's National Treasures are scattered over several distinct districts, each with their own atmosphere and ambiance.